Tree & Hedge Company

Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

A treasured densely branched British native tree traditionally used in historic garden. Hardy and undemanding.

Soil types
Exceptionally good in moist, heavy soils but will also grow in virtually any soil type, chalk, clay, sandy and loam, from slightly acidic to alkaline.
Location
Sun to shade, reliably hardy tolerates winds and heat and withstanding summer droughts reasonably well. Can cope with short periods of flooding.
Height
Suitable for small to large garden / open spaces.
Flowers
Monoecious, male catkins are yellow and appear before or during budding, the female catkins are green. Pollination is by wind.
Foliage
Bright-green serrated leaves, appear in early spring.
Fruits
Inconspicuous fruits.
Roots
Intense and cordate roots.
Bark
Smooth and light to dark grey in colour.

As well as a fine, free-standing specimen tree, hornbeam possess outstanding design potential. This is due to its excellent tolerance of regular cutting and the ability to regenerate being truly remarkable. Because of this, hornbeam topiary plants can easily be created and tight clipped into pleached, pyramid, box, tubed or roof top shapes to name a few, and are highly valued and used by garden designers and landscape architects alike.