Tree & Hedge Company

English Hawthorn

Crataegus laevigata and monogyna

Small trees or large shrubs with sharp spiny branches that symbolize the arrival of spring with their abundance of white or pink blossoms.

Soil types
Can grow in all nutrient rich soils with pH from mildly acidic to alkaline. Does best on calcareous, deep, rich soil.
Location
Sun to semi-shade, likes warmth frost hardy, tolerates winds.
Height
Laevigata 8m monogyna 6m.
Flowers
Many pungent white flowers appear in May, the nectar from these spring flowers being of considerable important to our native insects.
Foliage
Ovoid, almost round, shiny dark green leaves 3-6cm long. Autumn leaf colours are yellow-orange turning to bronze.
Fruits
Round dark-red edible fruits from September, tasteless so best left for the wildlife!
Roots
Hawthorn have strong deep, widely spreading root systems that are sensitive to paving and soil compaction.
Bark
Grey-green covered in 2.5cm long sharp spines. Bark turns scaly and flaking at the base of older stems.

When fully grown, hawthorn create impenetrable thorny barriers and havens for wildlife, providing food and safe shelter. Berries known as ‘Haws’, provide nutrition for many small mammals and birds during the early winter months.